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Famous Buildings and Historical Monuments in Spain

Here are 10 of the famous monuments and Historical Monuments in Spain

Spain is the paradise of architecture. Few countries in the world gather as compactly as many architectural styles and buildings as breathtakingly beautiful as Spain does. Strolling through any of its cities is like embarking on a journey through time through its cobbled streets, historic monuments and unique architectural pieces. This country is the Mecca of stylish construction. In fact, some of the monuments on the list were pioneers in their day. Before its construction, it was thought impossible to exist. Discover large buildings and monuments in spain!

Among all the answers that you have sent us in ” The best of Spain, ” we present you to the ten best monuments of Spain. Which is your favorite cool monument in Spain?

1. Alhambra of Granada, Andalusia – One of the top 5 famous monuments in spain

Arab writers used to compare to GranadaLike a great Crown in whose front it excels the diadem of the Alhambra. Although of an eminently Nasrid style, this monument is a superposition of different eras and architectural styles. It was originally built in the year 889, in the middle ages, and then largely ignored until the Moorish conquest. The Muslims removed this palace from the ruin and turned it into an authentic architectural jewel. With a clear Byzantine influence, the artists who forged this piece of monument developed a new style that is reflected in the capitals, arches and decorative details of the ceilings. When the Christians took control of Granada, they began to alter parts of the castle to make room to the rebirth removing arabesque details and decorations. Still today,

2. Mosque of Cordoba, Andalusia – One of the Popular Arabic Monuments in Spain

And from one Spanish-Muslim work to another. In fact, it is said that the construction of the Alhambra in Granada is inspired by the magnificent details of the mosque of Cordoba. This Umayyad-style religious building began to be built in 785, following the Muslim invasion. The work grew throughout the duration of the Islamic conquest. But once the Christians regained control of the city, the modifications and additions began. Back in the 1500’s a Renaissance-style basilica was incorporated into the mosque. The Christian cathedral and the Muslim mosque became a single building, which they are today. Without divisions neither physical nor spiritual, two opposite worlds in many ways coexist in perfect harmony complementing each other stylistically.

3. Aqueduct of Segovia, Castilla y Leon – Among 5 famous monuments in spain

In the middle of Castilla, we find a loophole of what once was one of the best civil works in history. It is the imposing aqueduct that the Romans built there in the first century and served to transport water from the mountains to the city. The aqueduct of Segovia has 166 arches that run about 15 kilometers across the countryside and urban area. This marvel of civil engineering has been standing almost intact for thousands of years despite wars and conflicts. In 1992 the municipality of Segovia decided to cut the traffic below the aqueduct as the vibration produced by the traffic was affecting its structure.

4. Sagrada Familia, Barcelona – Famous monuments in barcelona spain

Really interesting monuments in Spain. The Sagrada Familia is the unfinished work of the modern architect Antoni Gaudí. Well, it’s much more than that. It is the monument that brings together more tourists a year in Barcelona. This colossal temple is one of your favorites for many reasons. But one of them is the magnificent façade of the Nativity, richly ornamented. Or its interior, which resembles a forest of white columns that are colored by the reflection of the sun on the large windows of stained glass. If you approach there, you will see how they are working on the construction of the first sacristy and the central towers. And when they finish, the main façade, also known as the Portal de la Gloria, remains.

5. Cathedral of Burgos, Castilla y León- One of the famous cathedral in leon spain

It is difficult to speak of the Cathedral of Burgos without paying special attention to its main façade inspired by those of the cathedrals of Paris and Reims and which is considered as the most important sculptural manifestation of Gothic in Castile. Although impressive, we recommend that you take your time and enjoy all the treasures that are hidden inside. Of note are the Condestable Chapel, in Elizabethan Gothic style; As well as the wonderful golden staircase and the tomb of the Cid and Dona Jimena. Come on, one of the monuments in Spain that you should see already … if you have not already done so.

6. Cathedral of Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha – Famous cathedral in Toledo Spain

The Cathedral of Toledo is the masterpiece of Gothic art in Spain. But it was not always like this. They say that in the place where today stands majestically this Catholic church before was the one that was the mosque of Toledo, and in her, it is possible to see some of its vestiges. When you go, look at the Islamic column embedded inside the chapel of Santa Lucia, the marble shafts that line the exterior of the choir or the interlocking arches of caliph style in triforium of the Chapel of May. I’m sure you’re in love with this incredible piece of history.

7. Wall of Avila, Castile, and Leon – Ancient Stone monuments in Spain

Apparently, you like stones and history. Or at least that is what can be deduced from the fact that the Wall of Avila is one of your favorite monuments of Spain. This huge piece of living history is the world’s most well-preserved walled enclosure. The wall of Avila was built between the XI and XIV centuries to prevent Muslim attacks on the city and still stands today, the silent witness to battles and conflicts. If you want to know it well, we recommend you take a walk outside, if possible at night, to see it illuminated. They are only 3 kilometers, and you will give the view.

8. Teatro Romano de Mérida, Extremadura – It is among the most famous monuments in spain

The Teatro Romano de Mérida is the oldest monument in this list of the best monuments in Spain. Its construction dates back to 15 or 16 BC, for the entertainment of the high society that lived in Colonia Iulia Augusta Emerita. With the fall of the Empire, the theater fell into disuse and was buried underground until an archaeological excavation in 1910 rescued it from oblivion. Ironies of fate, today this Roman building is still used for the same purpose for which it was erected more than 2,000 years ago. Each summer hosts the International Festival of Classical Theater in Merida and is the best backdrop to see the Trojans telling their misfortunes or witness the miseries of Oedipus.

9. Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia – Most popular cathedral of santiago de compostela

When you get to Santiago Cathedral be sure to surround it well until you reach the main facade: the Obradoiro. Go up the stairs. Once inside, you will receive a magnificent Romanesque work depicting the History of Salvation. The view will take you to the High Altar. Climb up the right side and give a hug to the image of the Apostle who presides over the temple following the centuries-old tradition of the pilgrims. Below is the crypt, the true goal of the Way: the walls of the ancient tomb and, in the middle, the urn containing the remains of the Apostle Santiago. Salt of the Cathedral by the South door, the Door of the Silverware. Look at the facade. In the mullion, between the arches of the two gates, there is a Crismon, symbol of Christ. But the letters are reversed: the Alpha has become Omega and vice versa. The end is beginning. The goal of the Path is now the beginning of another path, of the new life you begin. A cathedral was full of symbolism and messages. Do not miss it.

10. Alcázar of Seville, Andalusia – Typical monuments in spain

The Alcázar of Seville exudes sensuality, charm, and exoticism. As with the Alhambra in Granada, this walled palace is a kaleidoscope of styles. Between the Patio of the Maidens, the Hall of Ambassadors, the baths, the Garden of the Poets or the Hall of the Tapestry can be seen represented almost all the architectural styles of history (Gothic, Mudejar, Islamic, Renaissance, Baroque … ). This is not surprising considering that the Alcazar has witnessed Viking attacks, civil wars and even births of kings. With every stage of the history of Spain, the palace expanded and was taking shape until our days. Do not miss the theatrical visits that stage the history of the place with much more style and sympathy than any bulletin or informational pamphlet. Also they organize them when the sun has fallen and, that, in Seville always is to thank. Note geek: just tell them that it served the Game of Thrones _ to locate the palace of one of its most exotic kingdoms, Dorne.

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