Living an earthquake prone area can be one of the most terrible experiences a person can have. Normally we view our ground as something which always remains static. What happens when the earth starts to shake under your feet?
Even in this advance era of technology, it is impossible to predict the occurrence of an earthquake in advance. This is why it is important to know safety tips which will help you in the event of an earthquake.
- Safety Tip (Before) - What to do if you stay in an Earthquake prone area ?
- What to do if Earthquake Strikes at home?
- What to do if Earthquake Strikes while you are driving?
- When you are in a public building - What to do?
- If you are on the street and Earthquake strikes: What to do?
- What to do after an earthquake?
Safety Tip (Before) – What to do if you stay in an Earthquake prone area ?
1) You can design an earthquake proof house, or you can ask from an expert to make your house structure earthquake proof. It might cost you money, but this money spent could save you and your family in the event of a major earthquake.
2) You must identify room or secure place where you can go in the event of an earthquake.
3) If you are residing in a multi-story building, never use Lift in the event of an earthquake. You can get stuck inside if there is a power failure due to an earthquake.
4) Always keep a supply of canned food, an up-to-date 1st aid kit, 3 gallons (11.4 liters) of water per person, dust masks and goggles, and a battery-operated radio in working condition and flashlights in an accessible place. You can keep a box which stores all these essential items and this box should be easy to carry in the event of an earthquake.
5) Never keep your main door or corridors blocked with heavy furniture which makes it difficult to move freely in an event of an earthquake.
6) Never use Slippery Tiles for your Home. They can wreck havoc if you have to run for a safety. Regardless of how beautiful they might look, avoid them.
7) Never keep your Pets chained in a secluded place. Keep them in open space as much as possible. Animals are intelligent enough to take care of themselves in an event of an earthquake provided they are not chained.
8) Make sure that your children are aware of all the safety procedures and basic safety tips regarding earthquake.
9) If possible, keep a whistle with you always. Its a small object but can be life saver in an event you are trapped inside a rubble or get locked in a lift.
Safety Procedures to follow (during earthquake) –
What to do if Earthquake Strikes at home?
1) Immediately drop down and take shelter under a table or desk and stay there.
2) Stay inside until shaking stops. Once shaking stops, you can move outside to a safer place. Trying to run in an earthquake can easily make you fall when the earth starts to shake. While moving down the staircase make sure to hold the railings tight.
3) If you are in bed, protect your head with a pillow and stay put in that position.
4) The kitchen is the most dangerous place to hide or stay during the earthquake. A large number of cabinets of objects can fall on your head.
What to do if Earthquake Strikes while you are driving?
1. If you are driving, then slow down and park your car at a safe place. Stay in the car until shaking stops.
2. Never stand under or on a bridge platform. Neither by posts.
3. Do not leave the vehicle until the earthquake is over.
4. Try not to block the road.
When you are in a public building – What to do?
1) Do not run towards common entrance or exit points as it can create a human avalanche which can result in more casualty than the earthquake is capable of causing.
2) Stay away from Windows or glass doors.
3) If you are in the theater or theater, lie down on your knees, covering your head and neck with your hands.
4) In spaces with shelves (libraries, archives, supermarkets, etc.), exit the aisles where the shelves are and crouch on your knees, covering your head and neck, along with the sides of the shelves.
5) At school have children and students kneel under their desk, putting a book on their head.
If you are on the street and Earthquake strikes: What to do?
1. Stay away from buildings, roads, poles or trees. Look for open sites.
2. If you do not have an open place cover you in the hall of the nearest house, preferably under the doorway, without entering the hall of the house.
What to do after an earthquake?
1) If you are in the dark, do not turn on the light or a candle. Use the flashlight.
2) Close the gas knobs, light and water supply.
3) If you notice a gas leak do not switch on electrical switches. A tiny flickering or spark in the plug can have the devastating effect.
4) If it is necessary to evacuate the house, do it together ensuring that all the members are out of the house.
5) If you get trapped among the ruins of your house, try to escape through the gaps between the rubble.
6) If you return home and find your house damaged, never enter it.
7) Stay away from broken electric poles or broken electric wires. Watch for children not to approach them.
8) Use your mobile for emergency purpose only and not to talk with friends/relatives. Keep your mobile in battery saver mode.
9) Listen to the radio for latest updates. Always follow the instructions provided. Sometimes an earthquake can result in a Tsunami if you are near coastal regions. Therefore, keep yourself updated with news on the radio.